Updates for October 2017 Welcome to the White House in Washington D.C.

“The times are big with great events.” –  Thomas Jefferson

October 16, 2017. Washington D.C.   It is not beneath my better senses than at times to sound so dull, I do this so you can concentrate on things that are exciting, educational, life changing and fun.

“Let me see” said Itsy Bitsy Bunny

I have posted Trump organized crime videos and evidence at INTERPOL the office of the Director for historians and writers for research purposes.

Please do not go there if your are not a Historian or a writer prepared to write about the Mason holocaust or a related theme.

There are many crimes scenes around the internet with the actual dates of the crime in the upload of videos or the posting of erroneous information.

Try to keep these things OUT of your life and ignore them and start learning about your country and the world.  There is lots of good educational material to keep you busy without these men inside them.

Thank you.  Jose Maria Chavira M.S. Adagio 1st – Special Agent in Charge of the United States of America.

 

October 16, 2017. Washington D.C – There are two kinds of men in this world.  Those who kneel before God and those who don’t.  There are those whose hearts are given to the goodness of others and those whose hearts are given only to their personal passions lusts and desires.

There are only two choices during a crisis. The right choice and the wrong choice.

Every day it is made known and is self-evident that there is and always will be only one Holy Spirit the right choice whose ways are not always our ways.

Even my ways are not always your ways nor are my thoughts always in line with your thoughts.

To achieve holistic equality and equality in levels within nations,  I have to take apart the world and think about the world in pieces then calculate every variable and factor simultaneously in macroeconomic and micro-economic terms that represent the needs of regions and countries the less fortunate and people who have suffered alongside you.

This is why it is written count your blessings.   This is why it is written only God is good.  So believe in the Goodness of God who forsakes of all forms for Idol worship just for you.

It is better to believe in God than to believe in any Mason man of their statistics and system of logic.

The statistics of POTUS.

Beware of POTUS  people for they will use numbers and statistics to keep you their slaves and I work to set you free and keep you free through words, I pray, that bless your lives.

Freedom is great thing when its real, but the Illusion of freedom is reprehensible for behind it are interred the death and concentration camps and a false Christian national pride that was just like the NAZI party in Germany during World War II that even Germans fell for fought for and died for.

I have to come and entered  your lives that you might have real freedom, real life in great abundance and through good educational media we can forget about old politics and names of people who will never show up.

It is not my desire that you be slaves,  Slavery deters us from many things but nothing more important than our independence and our struggle today without the violence resembles that of the revolutionary war.

Slavery is just not my thing.  Not Obama slavery or Trump slavery.    Personally, I was never an Obama slave though I did try to believe the best in him as you did until I received more information.  But even the Governor of Alaska Sarah Palin knew enough about Obama and was responsible enough and made sure to tell voters who could do nothing about it.

And like many conservatives and even democrats Trump or Obama was never my thing or the way to salvation.   We suffer for the lack of real honest numbers.

Obama and Trump were a bill of goods sold to you and imposed on you by media vexed with enchantments through wizardry and sorcery, a 33 degree High Priest witchcraft that both of these men took part of, while having the nerve to talk and preach to you about God when it was convenient.

In all their hypocrisy and the hypocrisy of masons, we the people must accept our own errors mistakes and misjudgments for it is us who continue on and not them.

 

“Let me see” said Itsy Bitsy Bunny

 

Again Obama was no Martin Luther King, not even close.

Dr. King was the real deal and so were the Kennedy Brothers and there are many a good Americans and American politicians whose reputations got caught up in this Mason mess through media controlled by foreign paramilitary groups.

There are people who today still believe in these cult figures even more than God.

This can be a very dangerous thing and I have come to the point that I must ask parents to shake up their Kids with the truth because once its unleashed the truth never stops and is like a daily tidal wave blessing good writing and condemning bad writing, Judging the righteous and the unrighteous and separating the wheat from the chaff.

The people we need to be aware of are those who support old POTUS politics. They are mostly military men of Asian Russian and European descent to whom it is convenient to keep Obama and Trump alive as well as their equivalents.

These who work against truth and freedom desiring us to be their information slaves are the black hands of white supremacy and are people who have chosen their side.

For young and uniformed people just entering our forum.  Before the first Obama election fix and disaster, In every real effort to become president voters tore Trump apart because of his white supremacy values.

I have said it before. Obama is also not my thing.  Obama is not the black Jesus, the Black Moses or the savior of the world.  He was a smooth talker, a guy with a bunch of phony laurels and fake degrees the least qualified of men.

I have much in common with many people.  My goals are easy to discern and my goals are the same as those of many good people.

Having left deep cover operations, It is now my job through the White House, The Interior and all Military and Law enforcement and all Departments to care for you and the health and welfare of  all Americans better than you have been cared for in a long time.

As the world crown, I also have to care for everyone in this world the billions that live peacefully in this world and who desire not war but to prosper each in their way and each inside their own nation with God’s blessing.

Jose Maria Chavira M.S. Adagio the 1st nom de plume JC Angelcraft

October 16 2017 Washington D.C. The Library of Congress is the largest library in the world, with millions of books, recordings, photographs, newspapers, maps and manuscripts in its collections.

The Library is the main research arm of the U.S. Congress and the home of the U.S. Copyright Office.

The Library preserves and provides access to a rich, diverse and enduring source of knowledge to inform, inspire and engage you in your intellectual and creative endeavors.

Whether you are new to the Library of Congress or an experienced researcher, we have a world-class staff ready to assist you online and in person.

I encourage you to visit the Library of Congress in person in Washington, D.C., explore the Library online from wherever you are and connect with us on social media.

Sincerely, Carla Hayden
Librarian of Congress  https://www.loc.gov/

 

 

References & Information

Jose Maria Chavira M.S. Adagio the 1st is the world crown and the author of the Nine Needs all Humans Have & Special Agent in Charge of the United States of America under Emergency Powers.
Facebook
https://www.facebook.com/S.A.R.Jose.Maria.Chavira.MS.Adagio.1st

HIERO http://healthcareinsuranceretirementandauditcorporation.wordpress.com/9-needs-therapy/

Month of October Columbus Day Posting  https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/10/12/october-12-2017-happy-columbus-day/

The Works of Thomas Jefferson http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/jefferson-the-works-vol-2-1771-1779
DAY 1 Writings of Thomas Jefferson – https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/24/day-1-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson-for-the-people-of-the-united-states-of-america/
DAY 2 Writings of Thomas Jefferson – https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/25/day-2-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/
DAY 3 Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/26/day-3-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/
DAY 4 Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/27/day-4-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/
DAY 5 Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/28/day-5-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/
DAY 6: Writings of Thomas Jefferson – https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/31/choose-life-its-better-health-for-you-and-your-child/

DAY 7:  The Thomas Jefferson Journey continues welcome to the month of October 2017   https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/10/02/the-thomas-jefferson-journey-continues/

“…in the event of a national catastrophe through which citizens must depend on the providence of God whom established the foundations of this world, it shall be determined by manifest destiny and confirmed in the citizenry who is best fit to lead the nation and the world from its crises and whom shall supervise the restructuring of world governments and will oversee world governments as led by Providence and confirmed by miracles signs and wonders.… ”

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October 12 2017 Happy Columbus Day

October 12 Columbus Day is a day that is recognized by the Department of Education and commemorates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the Americas on October 12, 1492.

 

Columbus Day first became an official state holiday in Colorado in the autumn of 1905 and later became a federal holiday in the United States in 1937, though people have celebrated Columbus’s voyage since the colonial period.

In 1792, New York City and other U.S. cities celebrated the 300th anniversary of his landing in the New World. President Benjamin Harrison called upon the people of the United States to celebrate Columbus’s landing in the New World on the 400th anniversary of the event.

During the anniversary in 1892, teachers, preachers, poets and politicians used rituals to teach ideals of patriotism. These rituals took themes such as citizenship boundaries, the importance of loyalty to the nation, and the celebration of social progress.

Many Italian-Americans observe Columbus Day as a celebration of their heritage, and the first such celebration was held in New York City on October 12, 1866.

The day was first recognized as a legal holiday in the United States through activism in Denver where it became a statewide holiday in 1905 under Colorado governor Jesse F. McDonald, In 1907 it was made a statutory holiday

Most states celebrate Columbus Day as an official state holiday, though many mark it as a “Day of Observance” or “Recognition.”

American annual Columbus Day Parade, which was established by Nicola Larco in 1868.

New York City boasts the largest parade with over 35,000 marchers and one million viewers.

Columbus Day is a legal holiday in Puerto Rico. In the United States Virgin Islands, the day is celebrated as both Columbus Day and “Puerto Rico Friendship Day”.

Virginia also celebrates two legal holidays on the day, Columbus Day and Yorktown Victory Day, which honors the final victory at the Siege of Yorktown in the Revolutionary War.  Library of Congress @  The White House.

DAY 7:  The Thomas Jefferson Journey continues welcome to the month of October 2017   https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/10/02/the-thomas-jefferson-journey-continues/

DAY 7:  The Thomas Jefferson Journey continues welcome to the month of October 2017  

Just Updated: Ross Perot Trip Down Memory Lane https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/05/05/another-trip-down-memory-lane-1992-ross-perot/

Washington D.C. 2017 From the Interior @ The White House.

I ask our readers to be patient.  Every day new readers are just starting their journey here with us and so I have to find a manner to repeat words and themes that you have read over and over acceptable to new readers and people used to reading my writings.

I am pleased to see the progress in people and in their attitudes about the re-establishment of a government by the people and for the people.  Despite what we are, be it a democracy or a voting  Theocracy,  we are and will forever remain one nation under God, indivisible with Liberty and Justice for all.

Despite many changes in media round the world, I still hope that media POTUS people would pray and be is smart and discerning as our citizenry, law enforcement officers and the United States Armed Forces under the direction of United States Public Health Service.

It also bothers me that educational institutions and school newspapers are not taking advantage of this historical time, but dry news is better than POTUS news.  Dry news is safe.  Boring but safe.

If there was a time to become a great writer that time is today.  We are living perhaps in some of the greatest days of history void of any masons and filled with journalistic opportunity and the freedom to express yourself without the fear that Mason Donald Trump a former New York City Mafia leader or Mason Obama leader would send people to hurt you the like they did others the many Americans and world citizens who suffered because of them. I was one of those people who suffered because of Obama Trump and Bush and so were many Americans fooled by the media presentation of these men  May the families, extended families friend and relatives of Barrack Obama, George Bush Jr.  and Donald Trump be at peace.

Now we are free from the Obamacare (witchcraft and bad healthcare) and the wizardry of Trump and the rest of them.  We are free from the sorcery of all Masons and their religious political system of Human sacrifices.  But their lies and pre-recorded videos remain with us in the news.   I ask again renewing my request to stop or face the processes of justice.

I ask people around the world and especially Americans to please have patients.  You are not the only victims.  Obama and Donald Trump like many masons had victims around the world.

Believe or not there are people in this world who actually celebrate the defeat of these men and their judgment by the processes of justice that established this nation and the by the power of faith that founded this world.  These are people who suffered Mason Obama’s wars and Mason wars against them.

Every day things gets better around the world.

Mass media is in the process of changing.  You have to prepare yourself spiritually to receive the new mass-media and it is going to be shock as Barrack Obama or Donald Trump or those whom you are use to seeing in the mason media, will NOT be in it. 

These men and many others like them are now digital memories whose videos can hurt you if you have no way of verifying what its written and said here. 

Today is a time for professionals to write about these things. Today is the time to pray about these things.

The demise of Barrack Obama and Donald Trump two unconstitutional presidents of history is something worth writing about.   I have been doing it for years.

Anybody can write about these things and many already have.

There is nothing that can stop you from achieving the desires and aspirations, the path and the road that God has set your course of existence on, but your own fears.   So make sure to be prayed up when writing about these things and in all your good endeavors I ask God’s blessing on you.

The last thing I wish to share with you today is your own history.  It is a mite of your faith to believe in the work of God.

Before it was destroyed by agents of White Supremacy and those who supported them, our first YouTube account stayed afloat for 6 months.  This YouTube government account was created just for you and entered history January 16th 2017 and made the books in June 2017 after it was destroyed.  It was and still is a simple emergency media account.

On may on May 9th 2017 Life is a Race The Ninth Exhortation by Adagio 1st a small work taken from a greater body of my writing and a video that previously impacted many lives.  The Ninth Exhortation  was republished by a citizen and distributed.   One person – an American- made this video and others of mine –  an Institution.

God works great miracles with but a speck of true faith that breaks the boundaries of and norms of modern society bewildered by news. God works great miracles when people dare to oppose the powers of darkness.

God will transform the world by such acts as faith.  And greater works than these exist.  So how much more cause does our Holy Have to enter into our lives at even a greater measure than usual today because of the faith of good people.

Do not let the liars and thieves enter your home and your personal spaces to rob you of the blessings of your new government and ministry.

What has been created has been made to save what you truly love the most and that is freedom, life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

http://howiesmarine.com/may-9th-2017-life-is-a-race-the-ninth-exhortation-by-adagio-1st/

Jose Maria Chavira M.S. Adagio 1st The Interior @ the White House

Updated October 5, 2017 @ 06:53

Previous Articles

An Act for Establishing Troops Closing Out the Month of September –  https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/09/29/an-act-for-the-establishment-of-troops-closing-out-the-month-of-september-2017/

Thomas Edison https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/09/08/the-life-of-thomas-edison

September History in the U.S. Senate https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/09/22/september-history-in-the-u-s-senateNotice of Fast ( A review of piety and the resolution of Albemarle County.)

June, 1774.
To the Inhabitants of the parish of Saint Anne.

The members of the late house of Burgesses having taken into their consideration the dangers  impending over British America from the hostile invasion of a sister colony, thought proper that it should be recommended to the several parishes in this colony that they set apart some convenient day for fasting, humiliation and prayer devoutly to implore the divine interposition in behalf of an injured and oppressed people; and that the minds of his majesty, his ministers, and parliament, might be inspired with wisdom from above, to avert from us the dangers which threaten our civil rights, and all the evils of civil war.

We do therefore recommend to the inhabitants of the parish of Saint Anne that Saturday the 23d instant be by them set apart for the purpose aforesaid, on which day will be prayers and a sermon suited to the occasion by the reverend Mr. Clay at the new church on Hardware river, which place is thought the most centrical to the parishioners in General.

 John Walker.

From: Thomas Jefferson.
Written: by Thomas Jefferson
Date: July 26, 1774

The Resolution of Albemarle County

At a Meeting of the Freeholders of the County of Albemarle, assembled in their collective body, at the Court House of the said County, on the 26th of July, 1774:

Resolved, That the inhabitants of the Several States of British America are subject to the laws which they adopted at their first settlement, and to such others as have been since made by their respective Legislatures, duly constituted and appointed with their own consent. That no other Legislature whatever can rightly exercise authority over them; and that these privileges they hold as the common rights of mankind, confirmed by the political constitutions they have respectively assumed, and also by several charters of compact from the Crown.

Resolved, That these their natural and legal rights have in frequent instances been invaded by the Parliament of Great Britain and particularly that they were so by an act lately passed to take away the trade of the inhabitants of the town of Boston, in the province of Massachusetts Bay; that all such assumptions of unlawful power are dangerous to the right of the British empire in general, and should be considered as its common cause, and that we will ever be ready to join with our fellow-subjects in every part of the same, in executing all those rightful powers which God has given us, for the re-establishment and guaranteeing such their constitutional rights, when, where, and by whomsoever invaded.

It is the opinion of this meeting, that the most eligible means of affecting these purposes, will be to put an immediate stop to all imports from Great Britain, (cotton, osnabrigs, striped duffil, medicines, gunpowder, lead, books and printed papers, the necessary tolls and implements for the handicraft arts and manufactures excepted, for a limited term) and to all exports thereto, after the first day of October, which shall be in the year of our Lord, 1775; and immediately to discontinue all commercial intercourse with every part of the British Empire which shall not in like manner break off their commerce with Great Britain.

It is the opinion of this meeting, that we immediately cease to import all commodities from every part of the world, which are subjected by the British Parliament to the payment of duties in America.

It is the opinion of this meeting, that these measures should be pursued until a repeal be obtained of the Act for blocking up the harbour of Boston; of the Acts prohibiting or restraining internal manufactures in America; of the Acts imposing on any commodities duties to be paid in America; and of the Act laying restrictions on the American trade; and that on such repeal it will be reasonable to grant to our brethren of Great Britain such privileges in commerce as may amply compensate their fraternal assistance, past and future.

Resolved, However, that this meeting do submit these their opinions to the Convention of Deputies from the several counties of this Colony, and appointed to be held at Williamsburg on the first day of August next, and also to the General Congress of Deputies from the several American States, when and wheresoever held; and that they will concur in these or any other measures which such convention or such Congress shall adopt as most expedient for the American good; and we do appoint Thomas Jefferson and John Walker our Deputies to act for this county at the said Convention, and instruct them to conform themselves to these our Resolutions and Opinions.

Thomas Jefferson

Day 4 The Thomas Jefferson Journey:  From day 4 – https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/27/day-4-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/

A small  preceding excerpt

The texts of these two editions are not, however, in the slightest degree altered or added to, except by a new preface. Of it the Monthly Review said:

“It affords a concise and spirited review of the rights and grievances of the colonies, deduced from their first settlement, and proposed as the subject of an address to his majesty from the several ‘States of British America.’

“To this pamphlet is prefixed an address to the King, severely reflecting on the late measures of government, and written with much freedom and boldness, but by whom we are not told.”
This preface here alluded to was written by Arthur Lee, and is as follows:

Thomas Jefferson
King

Discover the Journey at Monticello

  REVOLUTIONARY WAR & BOSTON TEA PARTY MATERIAL

“To the King.
“Sir,

“There is not a man of thought, in the whole nation, who does not espouse bad measures from bad principles, but is justly alarmed, and seriously anxious, for the common good. Affairs of such magnitude now employ the public attention, as seem to involve in them the fate of EMPIRE.

The times are big with great events. What will be the consequences, it is not in human sagacity to foretel. But if the same system be pursued, which for a long time hath employed the attention of your Majesty’s ministers, they ought to tremble for their heads.

“The present contentions with America, if not soon happily terminated, must end in such scenes of trouble, bloodshed, and devastation, which, in contemplation alone, shock us with horror. But little time remains for deliberation or choice: a blow will lead on to the decisive scene; and the tyranny begun.

This era of your Majesty’s reign is likely to be marked with the most important characters. It is impossible for subjects to stand by idle, unaffected spectators, when they see their Sovereign, and themselves, nearly involved in distresses, which, for ought he can foresee, may end in the ruin of both: you, Sir! may lose your sovereignty and honour; we, our liberties, fortunes, and lives.

“The charge of presumption upon individuals, for speaking freely upon these important things, is at once taken off, by the evidence of things themselves, and the transcendant interest that every man has in them. Of affairs of state; of the artifice, cunning, address, and subtility of courts, it is the general lot to be ignorant: But of the great principles of government, especially of this free state, of those laws, and proceedings, that are either subversive, or corroborative of the system, many are as able to judge as any minister employed in your Majesty’s service.

These, with the first laws of nature, the prerogatives of man in human society, with the sacred and immutable laws of justice, equity, moderation, and wisdom, men fully understand, who were never tutored or well received at court; where indeed, for the most part, men are more likely to lose than gain, accurate ideas of these things.

They are not among the arcana imperii:   arcana imperii –  for the definition please go to our quick reference guide – https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/the-quill/arcana-imperii/

…continued…. they are not among the arcana imperii: we can judge of them; and have a fair, undoubted, constitutional right, as free subjects, who claim liberty by birth-right, and enjoy it by the laws, to apply these principles to the present conduct of your Majesty’s ministers. And, in justice bound to our country, and ourselves, and that fidelity we owe, Sir, to you, as our Sovereign, we openly declare, that the whole proceedings against our brethren in America, who are entitled, in common with ourselves, to the privileges of men, and the liberties, franchises, and protection of Englishmen, are in open violation of the natural laws of equity and justice: and unparalleled infractions upon the principles, and promulgated laws of this free state: not to say, that every idea of good policy is sacrificed to maintain and inforce the most vicious and dangerous system that ever infatuated despots pursued.

“Fruitless were the hopes that these few pages will effect, what the sagest counsels, the most consummate wisdom and plainest remonstrances, of some of the wisest, and best men, of the present age, have not been able to accomplish.

But if the perusal, either by your Majesty, or your ministers, should for a moment, suspend the fatal counsels, or designs which are now taking, or seem systematically planned to overturn AMERICAN LIBERTY, I shall think my labours well rewarded.

God is my witness, that I write not these things to excite sedition, or stir up rebellion: I should deem my life well disposed of, if, by the sacrifice, your Majesty could learn the wisdom of righteous government, and your ministers be taught to counsel good things.

Happy should I be to convince your Majesty, where legal authority ends, and tyranny begins; and that your dignity alone consists in the happiness of your subjects; and that when virtue and justice forsake your councils, error and ruin must inevitably ensue.

With your Majesty’s ministers we can keep no longer. If at any time we pitied their innocent infirmities, that pity has long ago been converted into abhorrence from the wickedness of their counsels, and the injustice of their deeds. By their breaches upon your prerogative, Sir! they have broken down the legal barriers of the constitution, and destroyed the distinctions of government; they have changed, or attempted to change lawful possession into arbitrary dominion: and, in the mad career, they may endeavor to make their Sovereign dispense with every thing that entitles him to obedience; and, by this means, convert the first duty of subjects into an opposition which the great and primary law of nature, self-defence, makes necessary. Those cruel, in-expedient tyrannical measures, which first they adopted, respecting America, notwithstanding the perilous circumstances into which they have brought both the colonies, and our own country, they carry violently on; as if they could persuade us that perseverance was integrity; and open opposition, state necessity.

Their system is not only manifestly repugnant to the laws of the state; but it runs counter to the whole stream of authority, and examples derived from the various histories of the several states of the world. From them, they ought to have learned that confidence is the first, and strongest principle of obedience; and, which once lost, is seldom recovered; and that almost all struggles for liberty, against violence, and oppression, have been crowned with success; and, without impiety, whatever doctrines concerning Providence may prevail at court, we attribute such success to the interposition of Heaven: and to Heaven the Americans now appeal.

And, would to God that any accommodations could soften those rigours which your Majesty’s ministers seemed determined to pursue. But it seems that no equivalent but Liberty will be deemed a sufficient satisfaction for the affronts which the honest struggles for freedom have given: under the pretence of law, natural justice and equity fall defeated; and the constitution is wounded under the semblance of a temporary cure.—Your ministers, Sir! are total strangers to those nice temperaments and allays to mitigate the evils and maladies of the state, in which much of the wisdom of government consists.

They strain, where they ought to relax; and think to accomplish by exertion, what they want abilities to effect by lenient measures. They do not see these happy mediums, so necessary in the adjustments of great affairs; by which authority is preserved on the one hand, and allegiance secured on the other. These impracticable men renounce all expedients but power. They have recourse to arms, when they should seek only counsel. They attempt that by oppression which justice, well administered, would more effectually accomplish.—They talk of enforcing the laws, when they are violating the constitution; and urge the necessities of state, when they themselves are the authors of the very necessities of which they complain.

They are for doing that in a free state, which the most despotic, in like circumstances, if wise, would carefully [59] avoid. What is there, Sir! to countenance so great a hazard of ruining America, and distressing ourselves? of exciting them to arms, and ourselves to the slaughter of our own sons? Have your ministers, Sir! discovered mines of inexhaustible riches in America, which they wish to plunder, to discharge our enormous national debt? Alas! they will find no other riches but what a strenuous industry has gained; virtue, which the love of Liberty has inspired; and a race of men not degenerate enough to part with Freedom without a noble struggle. Before their charters were violated, their laws infringed, their trade oppressed, one of their chief cities, and its inhabitants sent to awe and intimidate them, their lives and fortunes were at our disposal: can subjects offer, can they give more? I will be bold to declare to your Majesty, that before these fatal proceedings, no nation in the known history of the world, considering the growing strength, grandeur, and extent of that mighty empire, tho’ dependent, could ever boast such confidence and obedience, as Great Britain did in her Colonies. These are now in danger of being irrecoverably lost, not by their defection, but our own unaccountable folly. Quos Deus vult perdere, eos prius dementat.

“Your ministers, Sir! as tyrants ever do, justify their oppressions, by the resistance they have met with: and perhaps have imposed upon their Prince, by talking of the satisfaction which the honour and dignity of the crown should receive upon their supposed violation. Satisfy, Sir! the dignity and honour of the crown; but let your ministers beware that they do not sacrifice your crown to the vain, and impracticable schemes of satisfying its honour, and maintaining its dignity. I will boldly affirm, Sir, that if the dignity and honour of the crown are to be purchased at the rate your ministers seem to estimate them, that the price will be held too dear by every good, and virtuous man in the nation.

“And here, Sir! pause—disappoint your ministers, and gratify millions of your subjects. The Americans have not as yet revolted. They have not thrown off their allegiance. Their submission is so habitual, that it cannot easily be dispensed with. Do them but justice, and they will esteem it an act of Grace. They will call that a favour now, which hereafter they will claim as their right. What they now demand, the following pages, which, with all due submission, I offer to your Majesty, will declare—hitherto they have kept themselves within proper limits; and have extended their requests no farther than they were countenanced by the laws, and that friendly protection, which from our country, they had reason to expect. But further oppressions, Sir, may probably change their mode of suit. Allegiance will sometimes relax its submission. Wisdom itself does not intermeddle in the regulation of extremities; and what can moderate the conduct of despair? When dangers surround men they are not very nice in the method of salvation. And the only means of extricating themselves, will appear the right. When our friends rise up to oppress us, it is pardonable, and justifiable, to throw ourselves into the arms,  even of an enemy, for protection. I am, with all due submission, and allegiance, your Majesty’s faithful subject,
“TRIBUNUS.”

A SUMMARY VIEW, ETC.
Resolved, that it be an instruction to the said deputies, when assembled in general congress with the deputies from the other states of British America, to propose to the said congress that an humble and dutiful address be presented to his Majesty, begging leave to lay before him, as Chief Magistrate of the British empire, the united complaints of his Majesty’s subjects in America; complaints which are excited by many unwarrantable encroachments and usurpations, attempted to be made by the Legislature of one part of the empire, upon those rights which God and the laws have given equally and independently to all. To represent to his Majesty that these his states have often individually made humble application to his imperial throne to obtain, through its intervention, some redress of their injured rights, to none of which was ever even an answer condescended; humbly to hope that this their joint address, penned in the language of truth, and divested of those expressions of servility which would persuade his Majesty that we were asking favours, and not rights, shall obtain from his Majesty a more respectful acceptance. And this his Majesty will think we have reason to expect when he reflects that he is no more than the chief officer of the people, appointed by the laws, and circumscribed with definite powers, to assist in working the great machine of government, erected for their use, and consequently subject [6] to their superintendance. And in order that these our rights, as well as the invasions of them, may be laid more fully before his Majesty, to take a view of them from the origin and first settlement of these countries.

To remind him that our ancestors, before their emigration to America, were the free inhabitants of the British dominions in Europe, and possessed a right which nature has given to all men, of departing from the country in which chance, not choice, has placed them, of going in quest of new habitations, and of there establishing new societies, under such laws and regulations as to them shall seem most likely to promote public happiness. That their Saxon ancestors had, under this universal law, in like manner left their native wilds and woods in the north of Europe, had possessed themselves of the island of Britain, then less charged with inhabitants, and had established there that system of laws which has so long been the glory and protection of that country. Nor was ever any claim of superiority or dependence asserted over them by that mother country from which they had migrated; and were such a claim made, it is believed that his Majesty’s subjects in Great Britain have too firm a feeling of the rights derived to them from their ancestors, to bow down the sovereignty of their state before such visionary pretensions.

And it is thought that no circumstance has occurred to distinguish materially the British from the Saxon emigration. America was conquered, and her settlement made, and firmly established, at the expense of individuals, and not of the British public.

Their own blood was spilt in acquiring lands for their settlements, their own fortunes expended in making that settlement effectual; for themselves they fought, for themselves they conquered, and for themselves alone they have right to hold.

Not a shilling was ever issued from the public treasures of his Majesty, or his ancestors, for their assistance, till, of very late times, after the colonies had become established on a firm and permanent footing. That then, indeed, having become valuable to Great Britain for her commercial purposes, his Parliament was pleased to lend them assistance against the enemy, who would fain have drawn to herself the benefits of their commerce, to the great aggrandizement of herself, and danger of Great Britain.

Such assistance, and in such circumstances, they had often before given to Portugal, and other allied states, with whom they carry on a commercial intercourse; yet these states never supposed, that by calling in her aid, they thereby submitted themselves to her sovereignty. Had such terms been proposed, they would have rejected them with disdain, and trusted for better to the moderation of their enemies, or to a vigorous exertion of their own force.

We do not, however, mean to under-rate those aids, which to us were doubtless valuable, on whatever principles granted; but we would shew that they cannot give a title to that authority which the British Parliament would arrogate over us, and that they may amply be repaid by our giving to the inhabitants of Great Britain such exclusive privileges in trade as may be advantageous to them, and at the same time not too restrictive to ourselves.

That settlements having been thus effected in the wilds of America, the emigrants thought proper to adopt that system of laws under which they had hitherto lived in the mother country, and to continue their union with her by submitting themselves to the same common Sovereign, who was thereby made the central link connecting the several parts of the empire thus newly multiplied.

But that not long were they permitted, however far they thought themselves removed from the hand of oppression, to hold undisturbed the rights thus acquired, at the hazard of their lives, and loss of their fortunes. A family of princes was then on the British throne, whose treasonable crimes against their people brought on them afterwards the exertion of those sacred and sovereign rights of punishment reserved in the hands of the people for cases of extreme necessity, and judged by the constitution unsafe to be delegated to any other judicature. While every day brought forth some new and unjustifiable exertion of power over their subjects on that side the water, it was not [8] to be expected that those here, much less able at that time to oppose the designs of despotism, should be exempted from injury.

Accordingly that country, which had been acquired [67] by the lives, the labours, and the fortunes of individual adventurers, was by these princes, several times, parted1 out and distributed among the favourites and2 followers of their fortunes, and, by an assumed right to the crown alone, were3 erected into distinct and independent governments; a measure which it is believed his Majesty’s prudence and understanding would prevent him from imitating at this day, as no exercise of such power, of dividing and dismembering a country, has ever occurred in his Majesty’s realm of England, though now of very ancient standing; nor could it be justified or [68] acquiesced under there, or in any other part of his Majesty’s empire.

That the exercise of a free trade with all parts of the world, possessed by the American colonists, as of natural right, and which no law of their own had taken away or abridged, was next the object of unjust encroachment. Some of the colonies having thought proper to continue the administration of their government in the name and under the authority of his Majesty King Charles the First, whom, notwithstanding his late deposition by the commonwealth of England, they continued in the sovereignty of their state; the Parliament for the commonwealth took the same in high offence, and assumed upon themselves the power of prohibiting their trade with all other parts of the world, except the island of Great Britain.

This arbitrary act, however, they soon recalled, and by solemn treaty, entered into on the 12th day of March, 1651, between the said commonwealth by their commissioners, and the colony of Virginia by their house of burgesses, it was expressly stipulated, by the 8th article of the said treaty, that they should have “free trade as the people of England do enjoy to all places and with all nations, according to the laws of that commonwealth.” But that, upon the restoration of his majesty king Charles the second, their rights of free commerce fell once more a victim to arbitrary power; and by several acts of his reign, as well as of some of his successors, the trade of the colonies was laid under such restrictions as shew what hopes they might form from the justice of a British Parliament, were its uncontrolled power admitted over these states. History has informed us that bodies of men, as well as individuals, are susceptible of the spirit of tyranny.

A view of these acts of parliament for regulation, as it has been affectedly called, of the American trade, if all other evidence were removed out of the case, would undeniably evince the truth of this observation. Besides the duties they impose on our articles of export and import, they prohibit our going to any markets northward of Cape Finisterre, in the kingdom of Spain, for the sale of commodities which Great Britain will not take from us, and for the purchase of others, with which she cannot supply us, and that for no other than the arbitrary purposes of purchasing for themselves, by a sacrifice of our rights and interests, certain privileges in their commerce with an allied state, who in confidence that their exclusive trade with America will be continued, while the principles and power of the British parliament be the same, have indulged themselves in every exorbitance which their avarice could dictate, or our necessities extort; have raised their commodities called for in America, to the double and treble of what they sold for before such exclusive privileges were given them, and of what better commodities of the same kind would cost us elsewhere, and at the same time give us much less for what we could carry thither than might be had at more convenient ports.

That these acts prohibit us from carrying in quest of other purchasers the surplus of our tobacco remaining after the consumption of Great Britain is supplied; so that we must leave them with the British merchant for whatever he will please to allow us, to be by him reshipped to foreign markets, where he will reap the benefits of making sale of them for full value. That to heighten still the idea of parliamentary justice, and to shew with what moderation they are like to exercise power, where themselves are to feel no part of its weight, we take leave to mention to his majesty certain other acts of British parliament, by which they would prohibit us from manufacturing for our own use the articles we raise on our own lands with our own labor.

By an act passed in the 5th year of the reign of his late majesty king George the second, an American subject is forbidden to make a hat for himself of the fur which he has taken perhaps on his own soil; an instance of despotism to which no parallel can be produced in the most arbitrary ages of British history.

“Let me see” said Itsy Bitsy Bunny then continued  “Its Old human rights stuff”

By one other act passed in the 23d year of the same reign, the iron which we make we are forbidden to manufacture, and heavy as that article is, and necessary in every branch of husbandry, besides commission and insurance, we are to pay freight for it to Great Britain, and freight for it back again, for the purpose of supporting not men, but machines, in the island of Great Britain.

In the same spirit of equal and impartial legislation is to be viewed the act of parliament passed in the 5th year of the same reign, by which American lands are made subject to the demands of British creditors, while their own lands were still continued unanswerable for their debts; from which one of these conclusions must necessarily follow, either that justice is not the same in America as in Britain, or else that the British parliament pay less regard to it here than there. But that we do not point out to his majesty the injustice of these acts, with intent to rest on that principle the cause of their nullity; but to shew that experience confirms the propriety of those political principles which exempt us from the jurisdiction of the British parliament. The true ground on which we declare these acts void is, that the British parliament has no right to exercise its authority over us.

That these exercises of usurped power have not been confined to instances alone, in which themselves were interested, but they have also intermeddled with the regulation of the internal affairs of the colonies.

The act of the 9th of Anne for establishing a post office in America seems to have had little connection with British convenience, except that of accommodating his majesty’s ministers and favorites with the sale of a lucrative and easy office.

That thus we have hastened through the reigns which preceded his majesty’s during which the violations of our rights were less alarming, because repeated at more distant intervals than that rapid and bold succession of injuries which is likely to distinguish the present from all other periods of American story. Scarcely have our minds been able to emerge from the astonishment into which one stroke of parliamentary thunder had involved us, before another more heavy, and more alarming, is fallen on us. Single acts of tyranny may be ascribed to the accidental opinion of a day; but a series of oppressions begun at a distinguished period, and pursued, unalterably through every change of ministers, too plainly prove a deliberate and systematical plan of reducing us to slavery.

That the act passed in the 4th year of his majesty’s reign, entitled “An act for granting certain duties in the British colonies and plantations in America, &c.”

One other act, passed in the 5th year of his reign, entitled “An act for granting and applying certain stamp duties and other duties in the British colonies and plantations in America, &c.”

One other act, passed in the 6th year of his reign, entitled “An act for the better securing the dependency of his majesty’s dominions in America upon the crown and parliament of Great Britain”; and one other act,4 passed in the 7th year of his reign, entitled “An act for granting duties on paper, tea, &c.” form that connected chain of parliamentary usurpation, which has already been the subject of frequent applications to his majesty, and the houses of lords and commons of Great Britain; and no answers having yet been condescended to any of these, we shall not trouble his majesty with a repetition of the matters they contained.

But that one other act,5 passed in the same 7th year of the6 reign, having been a peculiar attempt, must ever require peculiar mention; it is entitled “An act for suspending the legislature of New York.” One free and independent legislature hereby takes upon itself to suspend the powers of another, free and independent as itself; this exhibiting a phenomenon unknown in nature, the creator and creature of his own power.

Not only the principles of common sense, but the common feelings of human nature, must be surrendered up before his majesty’s subjects here can be persuaded to believe that they hold their political existence at the will of a British parliament.

Shall (then) these governments be dissolved, their property annihilated, and their people reduced to a state of nature, at the imperious breath of a body of men, whom they never saw, in whom they never confided, and over whom they have no powers of punishment or removal, let their crimes against the American public be ever so great?

Can any one reason be assigned why 160,000 electors in the island of Great Britain should give law to four millions in the states of America, every individual of whom is equal to every individual of them, in virtue, in understanding, and in bodily strength? Were this to be admitted, instead of being a free people, as we have hitherto supposed, and mean to continue ourselves, we should suddenly be found the slaves not of one but of 160,000 tyrants, distinguished too from all others by this singular circumstance, that they are removed from the reach of fear, the only restraining motive which may hold the hand of a tyrant.

REVOLUTIONARY WAR & BOSTON TEA PARTY MATERIAL continued

That by “an act to discontinue in such manner and for such time as they are therein mentioned, the landing and discharging, lading or shipping, of goods, wares, and merchandize, at the town and within the harbor of Boston, in the province of Massachusetts Bay, in North America” which was passed at the last session of British parliament; a large and populous town, whose trade was their sole subsistence, was deprived of that trade, and involved in utter ruin.

Let us for a while suppose the question of right suspended, in order to examine this act on principles of justice: An act of parliament had been passed imposing duties on teas, to be paid in America, against which act the Americans had protested as in authoritative. The East India Company, who till that time had never sent a pound of tea to America on their own account, step forth on that occasion the assertors of parliamentary right, and send hither many ship loads of that obnoxious commodity. The masters of their several vessels, however, on their arrival to America, wisely attended to admonition, and returned with their cargoes.

In the province of New England alone the remonstrances of the people were disregarded, and a compliance, after being many days waited for, was flatly refused. Whether in this the master of the vessel was governed by his obstinacy, or his instructions, let those who know say.

There are extraordinary situations which require extraordinary interposition. An exasperated people, who feel that they possess power, are not easily restrained within limits strictly regular. A number of them assembled in the town of Boston, threw the tea into the ocean, and dispersed without doing any other act of violence.

If in this they did wrong, they were known and were amenable to the laws of the land, against which it could not be objected that they had ever, in any instance, been obstructed or diverted from their regular course in favor of popular offenders. They should therefore not have been distrusted on this occasion.But that ill fated colony had formerly been bold in their enmities against the house of Stuart, and were now devoted to ruin by that unseen hand which governs the momentous affairs of this great empire. On the partial representations of a few worthless ministerial dependents, whose constant office it has been to keep that government embroiled, and who, by their treacheries, hope to obtain the dignity of the British knighthood, without calling for the party accused, without asking a proof, without attempting a distinction between the guilty and the innocent, the whole of that ancient and wealthy town is in a moment reduced from opulence to beggary.

(These are) Men who had spent their lives in extending the British commerce, who had invested in that place the wealth their honest endeavors had merited, found themselves and their families thrown at once on the world for subsistence by its charities. Not the hundredth part of the inhabitants of that town had been concerned in the act complained of, many of them were in Great Britain and in other parts beyond sea, yet all were involved in one indiscriminate ruin, by a new executive power unheard of till then, that of a British Parliament. 

A property, of the value of many millions of money, was sacrificed to revenge, not repay, the loss of a few thousands.

This is administering justice with a heavy hand indeed! and when is this tempest to be arrested in its course? Two wharfs are to be opened again when his Majesty shall think proper. The residue, which lined the extensive shores of the bay of Boston, are forever interdicted the exercise of commerce. This little exception seems to have been thrown in for no other purpose than that of setting a precedent for investing his majesty with legislative powers.

If the pulse of his people shall beat calmly under this experiment, another and another shall be tried, till the measure of despotism be filled up. It would be an insult on common sense to pretend that this exception was made in order to restore its commerce to that great town. The trade which cannot be received at two wharfs alone must of necessity be transferred to some other place; to which it will soon be followed by that of the two wharfs. Considered in this light, it would be insolent and cruel mockery at the annihilation of the town of Boston.

By the act for the suppression of riots and tumults in the town of Boston, passed also in the last session of parliament, a murder committed there is, if the governor pleases, to be tried in a court of King’s Bench, in the island of Great Britain, by a jury of Middlesex. The witnesses, too, on receipt of such a sum as the governor shall think it reasonable for them to expend, are to enter into recognizance to appear at the trial.

This is, in other words, taxing them to the moment of their recognizance, and that amount may be whatever a governor pleases; for who does his majesty think can be prevailed on to cross the Atlantic for the sole purpose of bearing evidence to a fact? His expenses are to be borne, indeed, as they shall be estimated by a governor; but who are to feed the wife and children whom he leaves behind and who have had no other subsistence but his daily labor? Those epidemical disorders too, so terrible in a foreign climate, is the cure of them to be estimated among the articles of expense, and their danger to be warded off by the almighty power of parliament? And the wretched criminal, if he happen to have offended on the American side, stripped of his privilege of trial by peers of his vicinage, removed from the place where alone full evidence could be obtained, without money, without council, without friends, without exculpatory proof, is tried before judges predetermined to condemn. The cowards who would suffer a countryman to be torn from the bowels of their society, in order to be thus offered a sacrifice to parliamentary tyranny, would merit that everlasting infamy now fixed on the authors of the act! A clause for a similar purpose had been introduced into an act passed in the twelfth year of his majesty’s reign, entitled “An act for the better securing and preserving his majesty’s dockyards, magazines,  ships, ammunition and stores,” against which, as meriting the same censures, the several colonies have already protested.

That these are acts of power, assumed by a body of men, foreign to our constitutions, and unacknowledged by our laws, against which we do, on behalf of the inhabitants of British America, enter this our solemn and determined protest; and we do earnestly entreat his majesty, as yet the only mediatory power between the several states of the British empire, to recommend to his parliament of Great Britain the total revocation of these acts, which, however nugatory they may yet prove the cause of further discontents and jealousies among us.

That we next proceed to consider the conduct of his majesty, as holding the executive powers of the laws of these states, and mark out his deviations from the line of duty. By the constitution of Great Britain, as well of the several American states, his majesty professes the power of refusing to pass into a law any bill which has already passed the other two branches of legislature. His majesty, however, and his ancestors, conscious of the impropriety of opposing their single opinion to the united wisdom of two houses of parliament, while their proceedings were unbiassed by interested principles, for several ages past have modestly declined the exercise of this power in that part of his empire called Great Britain. But by change of circumstances, other principles than those of justice simply obtained an influence on their determinations; the addition of new states to the British empire has produced an addition of new, and sometimes opposite interests. It is now, therefore, the great office of his majesty, to resume exercise of his negative power, and to prevent the passage of laws by any one legislature of the empire, which might bear injuriously on the rights and interests of another. Yet this will not excuse the wanton exercise of this power which we have seen his Majesty practise on the laws of the American legislatures. For the most trifling reasons, and sometimes for no conceivable reason at all, his majesty has rejected laws of the most salutary tendency.

The Abolition of domestic slavery is the great object of desire in those colonies, where it was unhappily introduced in their infant state. But previous to the enfranchisement of the slaves we have, it is necessary to exclude all further importations from Africa; yet our repeated attempts to effect this by prohibitions, and by imposing duties which might amount to a prohibition, have been hitherto defeated by his majesty’s negative: Thus preferring the immediate advantages of a few African corsairs to the lasting interests of the American states, and to the rights of human nature deeply wounded by this infamous practice.

Nay, the single interposition of an interested individual against a law was scarcely ever known to fail of success, though in the opposite scale were placed the interests of the whole country. That this is so shameful an abuse of a power trusted with his majesty for other purposes, as if not reformed, would call for some legal restrictions.

With equal inattention to the necessities of his people here has his Majesty permitted our laws to lie neglected in England for years, neither confirming them by his assent, nor annulling them by his negative; so that such of them as have no suspending clause we hold on the most precarious of all tenures, his majesty’s will and such of them as suspend themselves till his majesty’s assent be obtained, we have feared, might be called into existence at some future and distant period, when the time and change of circumstances shall have rendered them destructive to his people here. And to render this grievance still more oppressive, his majesty by his instructions has laid his governors under such restrictions that they can pass no law of any moment unless it have such suspending clause; so that, however immediate may be the call for legislative interposition, the law cannot be executed till it has twice crossed the Atlantic, by which time the evil may have spent its whole force.

But in what terms, reconcilable to majesty, and at the same time to truth, shall we speak of a late instruction to his majesty’s governor of the colony of Virginia, by which he is forbidden to assent to any law for the division of a county, unless the new county will consent to have no representative in assembly?

That colony has as yet fixed no boundary to the westward. Their westward counties, therefore, are of indefinite extent; some of them are actually seated many hundred miles from their eastward limits. Is it possible, then, that his majesty can have bestowed a single thought on the situation of those people, who, in order to obtain justice for injuries, however great or small, must, by the laws of that colony, attend their county court, at such a distance, with all their witnesses, monthly, till their litigation be determined? Or does his majesty seriously wish, and publish it to the world, that his subjects should give up the glorious right of representation, with all the benefits derived from that, and submit themselves the absolute slaves of his sovereign will? Or is it rather meant to confine the legislative body to their present numbers, that they may be the cheaper bargain whenever they shall become worth a purchase.

One of the articles of impeachment against Trestlain, and the other judges of Westminister-Hall, in the reign of Richard the second, for which they suffered death, as traitors to their country, was, that they had advised the king that he might dissolve his parliament at any time; and succeeding kings have adopted the opinion of these unjust judges. Since the establishment, however, of the British constitution, at the glorious revolution, on its free and antient principles, neither his majesty, nor his ancestors, have exercised such a power of dissolution in the island of Great Britain; and when his majesty was petitioned, by the united voice of his people there, to dissolve the present parliament, who had become obnoxious to them, his ministers were heard to declare in open parliament, that his majesty possessed no such power by the constitution.

But how different their language and his practice here! To declare, as their duty required, the known rights of their country, to oppose the usurpations of every foreign judicature, to disregard the imperious mandates of a minister or governor, have been the avowed causes of dissolving houses of representatives in America. But if such powers be really vested in his majesty, can he suppose they are there placed to awe the members from such purposes as these? When the representative body have lost their confidence of their constituents, when they have notoriously made sale of their most valuable rights, when they have assumed to themselves powers which the people never put into their hands, then indeed their continuing in office becomes dangerous to the state, and calls for an exercise of the power of dissolution.

Such being the causes for which the representative body should, and should not be dissolved, will it not appear strange to an unbiased observer, that that of Great Britain was not dissolved, while those of the colonies have repeatedly incurred that sentence? But your majesty, or your governors, have carried this power beyond every limit known, or provided for, by the laws: After dissolving one house of representatives, they have refused to call another, so that for a great length of time, the legislature provided by the laws has been out of existence. From the nature of things, every society must at all times possess within itself the sovereign powers of legislation. The feelings of human nature revolt against the supposition of a state so situated as that it may not in any emergency provide against dangers which perhaps threatened immediate ruin. While those bodies are in existence to whom the people have delegated the powers of legislation, they alone possess and may exercise those powers; but when they are dissolved by the lopping off one or more of their branches, the power reverts to the people, who may exercise it to unlimited extent, either assembling together in person, sending deputies, or in any other way they may think proper.1 We forbear to trace consequences further; the dangers are conspicuous with which this practice is replete. That we shall at this time take notice of an error in the nature of our land holdings, which crept in at a very early period of our settlement. The introduction of the feudal tenures into the kingdom of England, though ancient, is well enough understood to set this matter in a proper light.

In the earlier ages of the Saxon settlement feudal holdings were certainly altogether unknown; and very few, if any, had been introduced at the time of the Norman conquest. Our Saxon ancestors held their lands, as they did their personal property, in absolute dominion, disencumbered with any superior, answering nearly to the nature of those possessions which the feudalists term allodial.

William, the Norman (see William the Conquerer), first introduced that system generally. The land which had belonged to those who fell in the battle of Hastings, and in the subsequent insurrections of his reign, formed a considerable proportion of the lands of the whole kingdom. These he granted out, subject to feudal duties, as did he also those of a great number of his new subjects, who, by persuasions or threats, were induced to surrender them for that purpose.

But still much was left in the hands of his Saxon subjects; held of no superior and not subject to feudal conditions. These, therefore, by express laws, enacted to render uniform the system of military defense, were made liable to the same military duties as if they had been feuds; and the Norman lawyers soon found means to saddle them also with all the other feudal burthens.

But still they had not been surrendered to the king, they were not derived from his grant, and therefore they were not holden of him. A general principle indeed, was introduced, that “all lands in England were held either mediately or immediately of the crown,” but this was borrowed from those holdings, which were truly feudal, and only applied to others for the purposes of illustration. Feudal holdings were therefore but exceptions out of the Saxon laws of possession, under which all lands were held in absolute right. These, therefore, still form the basis, or groundwork, of the common law, to prevail wheresoever the exceptions have taken place.

(But) America was not conquered by William the Norman, nor its lands surrendered to him, or any of his successors. Possessions there are undoubtedly of the allodial nature.

Our ancestors, however, who emigrated hither, were farmers, not lawyers. The fictitious principle that all lands belong originally to the king, they were early persuaded to believe real; and accordingly took grants of their own lands from the crown. And while the crown continued to grant for small sums, and on reasonable rents, there was no inducement to arrest the error, and lay it open to the public view. But his majesty has lately taken on him to advance the terms of purchase, and of holding to the double of what they were, by which means the acquisition of lands being rendered difficult, the population of our country is likely to be checked. It is time, therefore, for us to lay this matter before his majesty, and to declare that he has no right to grant lands of himself. From the nature and purpose of civil institutions, all the lands within the limits which any particular society has circumscribed around itself are assumed by that society, and subject to their allotment only. This may be done by themselves assembled collectively, or by their legislature, to whom they may have delegated sovereign authority; and if they are alloted in either of these ways, each individual of the society may appropriate to himself such lands as he finds vacant, and occupancy will give him title. That in order to force the arbitrary measures before complained of, his majesty has from time to time sent among us large bodies of armed forces, not made up of the people here, nor raised by the authority of our laws.

Did his majesty possess such a right as this, it might swallow up all our other rights whenever he should think proper. But his majesty has no right to land a single armed man on our shores, and those whom he sends here are liable to our laws made for the suppression and punishment of riots, and unlawful assemblies; or are hostile bodies, invading us in defiance of the law. When in the course of the late war it became expedient that a body of Hanoverian troops should be brought over for the defense of Great Britain, his majesty’s grandfather, our late sovereign, did not pretend to introduce them under any authority he possessed. Such a measure would have given just alarm to his subjects in Great Britain, whose liberties would not be safe if armed men of another country, and of another spirit, might be brought into the realm at any time without the consent of their legislature. He therefore applied to parliament, who passed an act for that purpose, limiting the number to be brought in, and the time they were to continue. In like manner is his majesty restrained in every part of the empire. He possesses, indeed, the executive power of the laws in every state, but they are the laws of the particular state which he is to administer within that state, and not those of any one within the limits of another. Every  state must judge for itself the number of armed men which they may safely trust among them, of whom they are to consist, and under what restrictions they shall be laid.

To render these proceedings still more criminal against our laws, instead of subjecting the military to the civil powers, his majesty has expressly made the civil subordinate to the military. But can his majesty thus put down all law under his feet? Can he erect a power superior to that which erected himself? He has done it indeed by force, but let him remember that force cannot give right.

That these are our grievances which we have thus laid before his majesty, with that freedom of language and sentiment which becomes a free people claiming their rights, as derived from the laws of nature, and not as the gift of their chief magistrate: Let those flatter who fear, it is not an American art. To give praise which is not due might be well from the venal, but would ill beseem those who are asserting the rights of human nature. They know, and will therefore say, that kings are the servants, not the proprietors of the people. Open your breast, sire, to liberal and expanded thought. Let not the name of George the third be a blot in the page of history. Your are surrounded by English counsellors, but remember that they are parties. You have no minister for American affairs, because you have none taken up from among us, nor amenable to the laws on which they are to give you advice. It behooves you, therefore, to think and to act for yourself and your people. The great principles of right and wrong are legible to every reader; to pursue them requires not the aid of many counsellors. The whole art of government consists in the art of being honest. Only aim to do your duty, and mankind will give you credit where you fail. No longer persevere in sacrificing the rights of one part of the empire to the inordinate desires of another; but deal out to all equal and impartial right. Let no act be passed by any one legislature which may infringe on the rights and liberties of another. This is the important post in which fortune has placed you, holding the balance of a great, if a well poised empire. This, sire, is the advice of your great American council, on the observance of which may perhaps depend your felicity and future fame, and the preservation of that harmony which alone can continue both in Great Britain and America the reciprocal advantages of their connection. It is neither our wish nor our interest to separate from her. We are willing, on our part, to sacrifice everything which reason can ask to the restoration of that tranquility for which all must wish. On their part, let them be ready to establish union and a generous plan. Let them name their terms, but let them be just. Accept of every commercial preference it is in our power to give for such things as we can raise for their use, or they make for ours. But let them not think to exclude us from going to other markets to dispose of those commodities which they cannot use, or to supply those wants which they cannot supply. Still less let it be proposed that our properties within our own territories shall be taxed or regulated by any power on earth but our own. The God who gave us life gave us liberty at the same time; the hand of force may destroy, but cannot disjoin them. This, sire, is our last, our determined resolution; and that you will be pleased to interpose with that efficacy which your earnest endeavors may ensure to procure redress of these our great grievances to quiet the minds of your subjects in British America, against any apprehensions of future encroachment, to establish fraternal love and harmony through the whole empire, and that these may continue to the last ages of time, is the fervent prayer of all British America.

FOLLOWING THIS:  CORRESPONDENCE and MISCELLANEOUS WRITINGS 1774–1779 – http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/jefferson-the-works-vol-2-1771-1779

 

October 1  2017 Washington D.C. The Library of Congress is the largest library in the world, with millions of books, recordings, photographs, newspapers, maps and manuscripts in its collections.
The Library is the main research arm of the U.S. Congress and the home of the U.S. Copyright Office.

The Library preserves and provides access to a rich, diverse and enduring source of knowledge to inform, inspire and engage you in your intellectual and creative endeavors.
Whether you are new to the Library of Congress or an experienced researcher, we have a world-class staff ready to assist you online and in person.

I encourage you to visit the Library of Congress in person in Washington, D.C., explore the Library online from wherever you are and connect with us on social media.
Sincerely, Carla Hayden
Librarian of Congress  https://www.loc.gov/

There are two kinds of men in this world.  Those who kneel before God and those who don’t.  Those whose hearts are given to the goodness of others and those whose hearts are given only to their personal passions lusts and desires.

There are only two choices during a crisis. The right choice and the wrong choice.

Every day it is made known and is self-evident that there is and always will be only one Holy Spirit the right choice whose ways are not always our ways.

Even my ways are not always your ways nor are my thoughts always in line with your thoughts.

To achieve holistic equality and equality in levels within nations,  I have to take apart the world and think about the world in pieces then calculate every variable and factor representing the needs of countries less fortunate and people who have suffered much much more.  This is why it is written count the blessings that you have and never believe in the statistics of POTUS people for they will use them to keep you their slaves and I work to set you free and keep you free.

The Illusion of freedom is reprehensible for behind it are interred the death and concentration camps and a false national pride that was just like the NAZI party in Germany during World War II.   

My ways are for the masses of people the countless of billions that live peacefully in this world and who desire not war but to prosper each in their way and each their own nation with God’s blessing.

Son Altesse Royale Jose Maria Chavira M.S. Adagio the 1st author of the Nine Needs all Humans Have & Special Agent in Charge of the United States of America under Emergency Powers.
Facebook
https://www.facebook.com/S.A.R.Jose.Maria.Chavira.MS.Adagio.1st
HIERO http://healthcareinsuranceretirementandauditcorporation.wordpress.com/9-needs-therapy/

The Works of Thomas Jefferson http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/jefferson-the-works-vol-2-1771-1779

DAY 1 Writings of Thomas Jefferson – https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/24/day-1-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson-for-the-people-of-the-united-states-of-america/

DAY 2 Writings of Thomas Jefferson – https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/25/day-2-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/

DAY 3 Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/26/day-3-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/

DAY 4 Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/27/day-4-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/

DAY 5 Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/28/day-5-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/

DAY 6: Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/31/choose-life-its-better-health-for-you-and-your-child/

DAY 7:  Thomas Jefferson Journey continues welcome to the month of October 2017

“…in the event of a national catastrophe through which citizens must depend on the providence of God whom established the foundations of this world, it shall be determined by manifest destiny and confirmed in the citizenry who is best fit to lead the nation and the world from its crises and whom shall supervise the restructuring of world governments and will oversee world governments as led by Providence and confirmed by miracles signs and wonders.… ”

U.S. Department of Justice
950 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20530-0001

The Department may be contacted by phone at the following:
Department Comment Line: 202-353-1555
Department of Justice Main Switchboard: 202-514-2000
TTY/ASCII/TDD: 800-877-8339

Inquiries from news organizations and other media may be directed and handled in person through the same address.

An Act for the Establishment of Troops – closing out the month of September 2017

On September 29, 1789, the final day of its first session, the United States Congress passed

“An act to recognize and adapt to the Constitution of the United States, the establishment of the troops raised under the resolves of the United States in Congress assembled.”

The act legalized the existing U.S. Army, a small force inherited from the Continental Congress that had been created under the Articles of Confederation.

The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, on November 15, 1777.

However, ratification of the Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states did not occur until March 1, 1781.

The Articles did however create a loose but binding confederation of sovereign states amidst a weak central government, leaving most of the power with the state governments.

The need for a stronger Federal government soon became apparent and eventually led to the Constitutional Convention in 1787. The present United States Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation on March 4, 1789

Reade more at the Library of Congress –https://www.loc.gov/item/today-in-history/september-29

Be forewarned enemies of America who may seek to manipulate the Library if Congress to try discredit the cause of the citizens of the United States of America working to restore the nation. For those who are not with us are against us and every day matters and should be lived soberly. Every day is an opportunity to prove to our maker that we were not created nor conceived in vain.

Son AltesseRoyale Jose Maria Chavira M.S. Adagio 1st Dominus dominorum est et rex regum et reginarum nom de Plume JC Angelcraft author of the Nine Needs all Humans Have & Special Agent in Charge of the United States of America under Emergency Powers and the currently also serving as one of the curators and head of the Department of the Interior and as head of the Interior I will forever help to serve the citizens of this great nation.

“Let me see” said Itsy Bitsy Bunny

Previous Articles

Thomas Edison  https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/09/08/the-life-of-thomas-edison

September History in the U.S. Senate https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/09/22/september-history-in-the-u-s-senate

Washington D.C. September 29 2017  I wonder sometimes if we as humans have not faltered in our esteeming of men, especially these last years falling to traps and false news and profiles of the media over men such as Trump or Obama not ever seeing any breadth of true work deserving of a monument such as the likes of Thomas Jefferson.

The men that we do really esteem, the men whom we call our Founding Fathers is because their unswerving character in the founding of the nation that shines forth like a light bright light.
The meticulous preservation of their writings justify all the accolades and deserving of the title Mr. President,

This is one of the reasons we are going through the notes and writings of our founding fathers like Thomas Jefferson and getting into the minds of the men who once led this country during its greatest crisis, a war for its independence like no other.

Our revolutionary war and our civil war are by the far the most important wars our nation has suffered because they were fought on our own soil for the reasons that would unite a great nation that would in the future help to free our world in wars vital to human history, wars fought against the monsters of white supremacy.

As I review the letters and writings of Thomas Jefferson the man I cannot help at this point but to dig further into any reference of any importance that helps to better define the man other than Ossian’s poems of which I am now in academic pursuit of more elucidation as the current literature does little to satisfy my need for the character of Ossian apart from the writer and Irish poet who re-interpreted the writings during Jefferson’s life time.

These things are of importance for if a man is esteemed it is because of his character and the character of man or even a women is often defined by their writings, their works, their piety or devotion and their love for literature; and it is precisely this; it is the literature that a man embraces that tells us much more about his inner workings even more than what is written about him in history.

So when reading the works of Thomas Jefferson how can one not allude to the speculation and investigation of Ossian’s poems, literature that Thomas Jefferson – one of our founding fathers – had a deep affection for.

On Ossian’s Poems, In Day 4 of our Journey through the life and times of Thomas Jefferson he writes:

Thomas Jefferson Feb. 25, 1773 Virga Mcpherson
To Chas. McPherson, Albemarle, in Virga Feb. 25, 1773
Dear Sir,
—Encouraged by the small acquaintance which I had the pleasure of having contracted with you during your residence in this country, I take the liberty of making the present application to you.
I understood you were related to the gentleman of your name (Mr. James McPherson), to whom the world is so much indebted for the elegant collection, arrangement, and translation of Ossian’s poems.
These pieces have been and will, I think, during my life, continue to be to me the sources of daily pleasures. The tender and the sublime emotions of the mind were never before so wrought up by the human hand.
I am not ashamed to own that I think this rude bard of the north (Ossian) the greatest poet that has ever existed.
Merely for the pleasure of reading his works I am become desirous of learning the language in which he sung, and of possessing his songs in their original form.
Mr. McPherson, I think, informs us he is possessed of the originals. Indeed, a gentleman has lately told me he had seen them in print; but I am afraid he has mistaken a specimen from Temora, annexed to some of the editions of the translation, for the whole works. If they are printed, it will abridge my request and your trouble, to the sending me a printed copy; but if there be more such my petition is, that you would be so good as to use your interest with Mr. McPherson to obtain leave to take a manuscript copy of them, and procure it to be done.

I would choose it in a fair, round hand, on fine paper, with a good margin, bound in parchments as elegantly as possible, lettered on the back, and marbled or gilt on the edges of the leaves.

I would not regard expense in doing this. I would further beg the favor of you to give me a catalogue of the books written in that language, and to send me such of them as may be necessary for learning it.

These will, of course, include a grammar and dictionary. The cost of these, as well as the copy of Ossian, will be (for me), on demand, answered by Mr. Alexander McCaul, sometime of Virginia, merchant, but now of Glasgow, or by your friend Mr. Ninian Minzees, of Richmond, in Virginia, to whose care the books may be sent. You can, perhaps, tell me whether we may ever hope to see any more of those Celtic (language) pieces published. Manuscript copies of any which are in print, it would at any time give me the greatest happiness to receive.

The glow of one warm thought is to me worth more than money.
I hear with pleasure from your friend that your path through life is likely to be smoothed by success. I wish the business and the pleasures of your situation would admit leisure now and then to scribble a line to one who wishes you every felicity, and would willingly merit the appellation of, dear sir, Your friend and humble servant. – Thomas Jefferson

If not for the Piety of Thomas Jefferson and his reverence for God one might conclude him to be a pagan based on his love of Celtic and Gaelic myths and legends. But he was quite much more a man than his love for Ossian might define him.

Jefferson was a man who with George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and the Other signers of the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution stood head and shoulders over other men that citizens would call a president and try to put in the same category or class as our Founding Fathers.

So as you read the history of your real founding Fathers consider what kind of men it took to do the impossible and help a nation still forming to break away from the worlds greatest military power of its day.To establish a Nation a sovereignty under God amidst impossible circumstances,  it took real men of God and real men of faith who believed that men ought not to leave their fates in the hands of men they cannot see; or put their lives in the hands of a government government or legislative body and taxation they can no longer control.

With this I leave you to the reading of Ossian’s Poems. I thought you might be curious.

Ossians Poems Translated from the ancient Gaelic by James Macphereson FREE PDF LITERACY Official Government of the United States of America

Son Altesse Royale Jose Maria Chavira M.S. Adagio the 1st author of the Nine Needs all Humans Have & Special Agent in Charge of the United States of America under Emergency Powers.
Facebook
https://www.facebook.com/S.A.R.Jose.Maria.Chavira.MS.Adagio.1st
HIERO http://healthcareinsuranceretirementandauditcorporation.wordpress.com/9-needs-therapy/
The Works of Thomas Jefferson http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/jefferson-the-works-vol-2-1771-1779
DAY 1 Writings of Thomas Jefferson – https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/24/day-1-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson-for-the-people-of-the-united-states-of-america/
DAY 2 Writings of Thomas Jefferson – https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/25/day-2-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/
DAY 3 Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/26/day-3-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/
DAY 4 Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/27/day-4-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/
DAY 5 Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/28/day-5-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/
DAY 6: Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/31/choose-life-its-better-health-for-you-and-your-child/

 

September 29, 2017 Washington D.C. The Library of Congress is the largest library in the world, with millions of books, recordings, photographs, newspapers, maps and manuscripts in its collections.
The Library is the main research arm of the U.S. Congress and the home of the U.S. Copyright Office.

The Library preserves and provides access to a rich, diverse and enduring source of knowledge to inform, inspire and engage you in your intellectual and creative endeavors.
Whether you are new to the Library of Congress or an experienced researcher, we have a world-class staff ready to assist you online and in person.

I encourage you to visit the Library of Congress in person in Washington, D.C., explore the Library online from wherever you are and connect with us on social media.
Sincerely, Carla Hayden
Librarian of Congress https://www.loc.gov/

There are two kinds of men in this world.  Those who kneel before God and those who don’t.  Those whose hearts are given to the goodness of others and those whose hearts are given only to their personal passions lusts and desires.  There are only two choices during a crisis. The right choice and the wrong choice.

Every day it is made known and is self evident that there is and always will be only one Holy Spirit the right choice whose ways are not always our ways.

Even my ways are not always your ways nor are my thoughts always in line with your thoughts.

My ways are for the masses of people the countless of billions that live peacefully in this world and who desire not war but to prosper each in their way and each their own nation with God’s blessing.

Son Altesse Royale Jose Maria Chavira M.S. Adagio 1st Dominus dominorum est et rex regum et reginarum nom de Plume JC Angelcraft author of the Nine Needs all Humans Have & Special Agent in Charge of the United States of America under Emergency Powers.

“…in the event of a national catastrophe through which citizens must depend on the providence of God whom established the foundations of this world, it shall be determined by manifest destiny and confirmed in the citizenry who is best fit to lead the nation and the world from its crises and whom shall supervise the restructuring of world governments and will oversee world governments as led by Providence and confirmed by miracles signs and wonders.… ”

U.S. Department of Justice
950 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20530-0001

The Department may be contacted by phone at the following:
Department Comment Line: 202-353-1555
Department of Justice Main Switchboard: 202-514-2000
TTY/ASCII/TDD: 800-877-8339

Inquiries from news organizations and other media may be directed and handled in person through the same address.

 

September History in the U.S. Senate

September 16, 1859  Re: Senator David Broderick of California
David Broderick of California became the only sitting senator to die as a result of injuries suffered in a duel. Several days earlier, in the midst of a bitter state political campaign, Broderick had charged that California’s chief justice was corrupt and unfit for office. Urged to recant, Broderick merely repeated the charge more loudly. When Chief Justice David Terry heard of the slander, he demanded justice. Terry resigned his office and challenged Broderick to a duel. After Broderick discharged his pistol into the sand, Terry coolly aimed, fired, and shot Broderick in the chest. He died three days later.

September 17, 1787  Re: The U.S. Constitution
The framers signed the U.S. Constitution in Philadelphia. In 1956 Congress established Constitution Week to encourage all Americans to learn more about this founding document. Each year Constitution week begins on September 17th. In 2004, Senator Robert C. Byrd of West Virginia included key provisions in the Consolidated Appropriations Act of Fiscal Year 2005 designating September 17th of each year as Constitution Day and requiring public schools and governmental offices to provide educational programs to promote a better understanding of the Constitution.

United States Senate https://www.senate.gov/

September 18, 1793 Re: Laying the Capitol Cornerstone in 1793
A small group of invited guests and onlookers attended an elaborate ceremony to place the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol Building in the District of Columbia. Observers watched as President George Washington lay an engraved, silver-plated plate in the foundation trench and then placed the cornerstone atop it. The stone was blessed with corn, wine, and oil. Artillery blasts marked the historic occasion. Later those in attendance enjoyed a fine meal of barbequed ox. Since 1793, as the Capitol has been enlarged and expanded, efforts to locate the original cornerstone have proven futile.

United States Senate https://www.senate.gov/

September 19, 1814  Re: Blodgett’s Hotel
The Senate convened in the Patent Office building, also known as Blodgett’s Hotel, in a state of profound crisis. Four weeks earlier, invading British troops had reduced all but one of Washington’s major public buildings to smoking rubble. In March 1815 members authorized President James Madison to borrow from local banks to rebuild, on their existing sites, the Capitol, White House, and cabinet quarters. When Congress returned in December, they moved to a new temporary structure on the site of today’s Supreme Court Building. They hoped it would be a brief stay, but construction delays and cost overruns kept them there for another four years.

United States Senate https://www.senate.gov/

September 20, 1881  Re: Chester A. Arthur
President James A. Garfield succumbed to bullet wounds sustained by an assassin. Vice President Chester A. Arthur’s succession to the presidency removed him from the Senate at a time when his tie-breaking vote was of special importance. For the first time in its history, the body stood equally divided between Republicans and Democrats. Two independent members, William Mahone of Virginia and David Davis of Illinois helped shape institutional decisions. When Arthur took the president’s oath, the parties in the Senate declared a truce. For the balance of that Congress, Republicans controlled the committees and Democrats managed the patronage.

United States Senate https://www.senate.gov/

Previous Article on Thomas Edison  https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/09/08/the-life-of-thomas-edison/

Washington D.C. September 22 2017 I wonder sometimes if we as humans have not faltered in our esteeming of men, especially these last years falling to traps and false news and profiles of the media over men such as Trump or Obama not ever seeing any breadth of true work deserving of a monument such as the likes of Thomas Jefferson.

The men that we do really esteem, the men whom we call our Founding Fathers is because their unswerving character in the founding of the nation that shines forth like a light bright light.
The meticulous preservation of their writings justify all the accolades and deserving of the title Mr. President,

This is one of the reasons we are going through the notes and writings of our founding fathers like Thomas Jefferson and getting into the minds of the men who once led this country during its greatest crisis, a war for its independence like no other.

Our revolutionary war and our civil war are by the far the most important wars our nation has suffered because they were fought on our own soil for the reasons that would unite a great nation that would in the future help to free our world in wars vital to human history, wars fought against the monsters of white supremacy.

As I review the letters and writings of Thomas Jefferson the man I cannot help at this point but to dig further into any reference of any importance that helps to better define the man other than Ossian’s poems of which I am now in academic pursuit of more elucidation as the current literature does little to satisfy my need for the character of Ossian apart from the writer and Irish poet who re-interpreted the writings during Jefferson’s life time.

These things are of importance for if a man is esteemed it is because of his character and the character of man or even a women is often defined by their writings, their works, their piety or devotion and their love for literature; and it is precisely this; it is the literature that a man embraces that tells us much more about his inner workings even more than what is written about him in history.   

So when reading the works of Thomas Jefferson how can one not allude to the speculation and investigation of Ossian’s poems, literature that Thomas Jefferson – one of our founding fathers – had a deep affection for.

On Ossian’s Poems, In Day 4 of our Journey through the life and times of Thomas Jefferson he writes:
Thomas Jefferson Feb. 25, 1773 Virga Mcpherson
To Chas. McPherson, Albemarle, in Virga Feb. 25, 1773

Dear Sir,
—Encouraged by the small acquaintance which I had the pleasure of having contracted with you during your residence in this country, I take the liberty of making the present application to you.

I understood you were related to the gentleman of your name (Mr. James McPherson), to whom the world is so much indebted for the elegant collection, arrangement, and translation of Ossian’s poems.
These pieces have been and will, I think, during my life, continue to be to me the sources of daily pleasures. The tender and the sublime emotions of the mind were never before so wrought up by the human hand.

I am not ashamed to own that I think this rude bard of the north (Ossian) the greatest poet that has ever existed.

Merely for the pleasure of reading his works I am become desirous of learning the language in which he sung, and of possessing his songs in their original form.

Mr. McPherson, I think, informs us he is possessed of the originals. Indeed, a gentleman has lately told me he had seen them in print; but I am afraid he has mistaken a specimen from Temora, annexed to some of the editions of the translation, for the whole works. If they are printed, it will abridge my request and your trouble, to the sending me a printed copy; but if there be more such my petition is, that you would be so good as to use your interest with Mr. McPherson to obtain leave to take a manuscript copy of them, and procure it to be done.

I would choose it in a fair, round hand, on fine paper, with a good margin, bound in parchments as elegantly as possible, lettered on the back, and marbled or gilt on the edges of the leaves.

I would not regard expense in doing this. I would further beg the favor of you to give me a catalogue of the books written in that language, and to send me such of them as may be necessary for learning it.

These will, of course, include a grammar and dictionary. The cost of these, as well as the copy of Ossian, will be (for me), on demand, answered by Mr. Alexander McCaul, sometime of Virginia, merchant, but now of Glasgow, or by your friend Mr. Ninian Minzees, of Richmond, in Virginia, to whose care the books may be sent. You can, perhaps, tell me whether we may ever hope to see any more of those Celtic (language) pieces published. Manuscript copies of any which are in print, it would at any time give me the greatest happiness to receive.

The glow of one warm thought is to me worth more than money.
I hear with pleasure from your friend that your path through life is likely to be smoothed by success. I wish the business and the pleasures of your situation would admit leisure now and then to scribble a line to one who wishes you every felicity, and would willingly merit the appellation of, dear sir, Your friend and humble servant. – Thomas Jefferson

If not for the Piety of Thomas Jefferson and his reverence for God one might conclude him to be a pagan based on his love of Celtic and Gaelic myths and legends. But he was quite much more a man than his love for Ossian might define him.

Jefferson was a man who with George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and the Other signers of the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution stood head and shoulders over other men that citizens would call a president and try to put in the same category or class as our Founding Fathers.

So as you read the history of your real founding Fathers consider what kind of men it took to do the impossible and help a nation still forming to break away from the worlds greatest military power of its day.

To establish a Nation a sovereignty under God amidst impossible circumstances,  it took real men of God and real men of faith who believed that men ought not to leave their fates in the hands of men they cannot see; or put their lives in the hands of a government government or legislative body and taxation they can no longer control.

With this I leave you to the reading of Ossian’s Poems. I thought you might be curious.

Ossians Poems Translated from the ancient Gaelic by James Macphereson FREE PDF LITERACY Official Government of the United States of America

Son Altesse Royale Jose Maria Chavira M.S. Adagio 1st Dominus dominorum est et rex regum et reginarum nom de Plume JC Angelcraft author of the Nine Needs all Humans Have & Special Agent in Charge of the United States of America under Emergency Powers.
Facebook
https://www.facebook.com/S.A.R.Jose.Maria.Chavira.MS.Adagio.1st
HIERO http://healthcareinsuranceretirementandauditcorporation.wordpress.com/9-needs-therapy/
The Works of Thomas Jefferson http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/jefferson-the-works-vol-2-1771-1779
DAY 1 Writings of Thomas Jefferson – https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/24/day-1-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson-for-the-people-of-the-united-states-of-america/
DAY 2 Writings of Thomas Jefferson – https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/25/day-2-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/
DAY 3 Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/26/day-3-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/
DAY 4 Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/27/day-4-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/
DAY 5 Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/28/day-5-the-writings-and-letters-of-thomas-jefferson/
DAY 6: Writings of Thomas Jefferson –
https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/07/31/choose-life-its-better-health-for-you-and-your-child/

September 22, 2017 Washington D.C. The Library of Congress is the largest library in the world, with millions of books, recordings, photographs, newspapers, maps and manuscripts in its collections.
The Library is the main research arm of the U.S. Congress and the home of the U.S. Copyright Office.

The Library preserves and provides access to a rich, diverse and enduring source of knowledge to inform, inspire and engage you in your intellectual and creative endeavors.

Whether you are new to the Library of Congress or an experienced researcher, we have a world-class staff ready to assist you online and in person.

I encourage you to visit the Library of Congress in person in Washington, D.C., explore the Library online from wherever you are and connect with us on social media.

Sincerely, Carla Hayden

Librarian of Congress https://www.loc.gov/

“…in the event of a national catastrophe through which citizens must depend on the providence of God whom established the foundations of this world, it shall be determined by manifest destiny and confirmed in the citizenry who is best fit to lead the nation and the world from its crises and whom shall supervise the restructuring of world governments and will oversee world governments as led by Providence and confirmed by miracles signs and wonders.… ”

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Inquiries from news organizations and other media may be directed and handled in person through the same address.

 

 

 

A Great Seal Tribute to the victims of September 11th

September 11 2017 – The White House.  On behalf of my first wife Mary of Maryland and her Administration, the Department of Justice and USPHS Department of Defense and all Veterans and Civilians who have joined our cause I greet you and my peace I give you.

I believe no one has felt September 11 more than the victims and their families for whom I have nothing but compassion.

My words for this day are “minutes of silence” as often and frequent as you need to take them in order to process your feelings.

Today is a day of contemplation as much as remembrance of these fallen who so once blessed our lives with smiles and their good cheer and our offices at the world trade center with the best of themselves.

OFFICIAL GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA IMAGES SEPTEMBER 11 PHOTOGRAPH 1 SUNSHINE YELLOW ROSES FOR BRIGHTER DAYS AHEAD.

And as they once worked to make this world better and enforce regulation and promote commerce between nations, so to shall we honor them with the best of ourselves and our labor to make sure their lifes’ work was not done in vain.

I believe they are now ok and at peace and have continued on their way in a journey we shall all come to experience again ourselves one day but under more favorable circumstances.

Let those who still mourn and cry do so until they have vanquished their emotions and feelings into the bosom of the God whom hears our prayers and feels our sorrows with the greatest of empathy and holds a special place for each one of us just for this day.

Be constructive with your day and give peace to each other and never forget how unified we are toward the achievement of greater goals and taking with us our love we have for each other and those who have died inside our hearts.

May the Holy Spirit Bless You.  May the Holy Spirit Keep you and cause all your hopes and dreams to be realized in a way only the Holy Spirit can do. May the Holy Spirit cause the light of understanding to shine upon you and give you peace today and every day thereafter.

Adagio 1st nom de plume JC Angelcraft La Couronne Monde Chateau Versailles France & Special Agent in Charge of the United States of America.

 

 

Thomas Edison’s Library of Congress at YouTube has been opened again.

(Board) Thomas Edison’s Library of Congress at YouTube has been opened again after our previous work was destroyed by White Supremacists and their supporters. Please continue to use the regular Library of Congress while we brainstorm and structure our new presentation of the Library and the many divisions and specializations the Library of Congress will present at YouTube.

Labor Day Posting – Previous article https://officialgovernmentoftheunitedstatesofamerica.wordpress.com/2017/09/04/happy-labor-day-from-the-white-house/

First Draft

Washington D.C. September 9, 2017  – These days making sure Americans are edified by American History and good patriotic material is important to all of us at the white house who have read how deep white supremacy has penetrated the archives of the United States of America.

This warfare against white supremacy has now gone undetected by many for years and it works to subtly undermine our greatest Heroes making them seem at times less than patriotic than what we know to be true.  Americans have forever struggled together with Native Americans to keep alive the legacy of Jim Thorpe a great American Hero who is only one example of many histories affected by White Supremacy.

When I once read Donald Trump was going to tear apart the Department of Education, I thought to myself Good Luck .  That is like trying to destroy every fresh water lake and river in the United States of America that brings life giving water to Americans.

Our success in Education is vastly underscored and is the product of many generations of Americans living and long since passed away who worked together to define a nation, its legacies and its heroes.

Thomas Edison is one of those Heroes.  He is a great patriot and an American who together with the help of his team boosted the morale of the Nation. His innovation provided jobs for more than one million Americans more than any president of the United States of America. Presidents help to administer and drive the country in other ways.

Thomas Edison’s innovation had a compounding effect that multiplied around the world and today it could be said the hundreds of millones of people owe their jobs to the innovation of Thomas Edison. Nothing drives America like innovation which is like a stubborn horse who refuses to give up despite losing a race every now and then.

If any man should have been president, it would have been Thomas Alva Edison to who we have dedicated a special Library of Congress account at YouTube called Thomas Edison’s Library of Congress.

Thomas Edison was a man of deep conscience whose early work was used to raise awareness and better the educational standards of Native Americans.

His good nature made him the most influential and prolific inventors of all time since Leonardo Davinci.

Thomas Edison exerted a tremendous amount of influence to the  America of the Twentieth Century, Washington D.C.  and helped to modernize life in America and whose Ideas were shared around the world.

He invented the incandescent light bulb which made life much safer and modern living more amiable.

He invented the phonograph and the motion picture camera, as well as improving the telegraph and telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell another great American inventor.

In the 84 years of his life, Thomas Edison acquired an astounding 1,093 patents.

Aside from being an inventor, Edison also managed to become a successful manufacturer and businessman, marketing his inventions to the public.  His close associates tried to convince him to enter politics, but he chose to spend his energy creating and improving technology.

A myriad of business liaisons, partnerships, and corporations filled Edison’s life, and he was constantly attacked by people trying to steal his life’s achievements.

He was at times in his life drowned by legal battles by others over various patents and inventions,  but his 1,093 U.S. patents tell the story of victory over those who would work to take credit for the innovation worked through him – a man chosen by God to drive civilization and to bring light literally into the world while living in a free and open society.

Thomas Edison was a multi-tasker and he lived an enormously active and complex life working on many projects simultaneously.

Thomas Edison is known around the world and many excellent biographies are readily available in all local libraries in your community for those who wish to learn more about the particulars of the life of Thomas Edison and his many business ventures.

Thomas A. Edison, 1878. Photo courtesy of U. S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, Edison National Historic Site. Edison’s Early Years

Thomas Edison’s mother, Nancy Elliott, was originally from New York.  Thomas Alva Edison was born to Sam and Nancy on February 11, 1847, in Milan, Ohio.

Thomas was the youngest of seven children, four of whom survived to adulthood.  To seek a better fortune, his father Sam Edison moved the family to Port Huron, Michigan, in 1854, where he worked in the lumber business.

At an early age, Thomas showed a fascination for mechanical things and for chemical experiments. In 1859, he took a job selling newspapers and candy on the Grand Trunk Railroad to Detroit. In the baggage car, he set up a laboratory for his chemistry experiments and a printing press, where he started “The Grand Trunk Herald” the first newspaper ever published inside moving a train.

An accidental fire forced him to stop his experiments on board.

Edison had a problem with his hearing and there are many theories as to why.  This handicap partially drowned out the outside world allowing Edison to be more of Internal man and some would say more solitary than the average person and reclusive to his work.

In 1862 Thomas Edison immersed himself in learning about the telegraph technology.

Early long-distance telegraphy and the transmission of complex messages through the use of code in the form of semaphore lines, or optical telegraphs, that sent messages to a distant observer through line-of-sight signals is said to have started in 1792.

Commercial electrical telegraphs were then introduced 1837 and were an area of fascination for Thomas Edison an avid enthusiast in ever growing industrial age  in which he lived.

After learning about telegraphy, Edison migrated from city to city in the United States taking available telegraph jobs.

In 1868,  Edison moved to Boston where he worked in the Western Union office and worked even more on his inventions.

In January 1869 Edison resigned his job, intending to devote himself fulltime to developing his inventions and ideas.

Thomas Edisons’ first invention to receive a patent was the electric vote recorder, in June 1869.

Daunted by politicians’ reluctance to use the machine, he decided that in the future he would not waste time with people who did not appreciate his talent.

In the middle of 1869, Edison moved to New York City.   A friend, Franklin L. Pope, allowed Edison to sleep in a room at Samuel Laws’ Gold Indicator Company where he was employed.

When Edison managed to fix a broken machine there, he was hired to manage and maintenance the printer machines.  Anything he got his hands on he had the ability to make better and his gift was slowly garnering him a reputation that would precede him anywhere he went.

During the next period of his life, Edison became involved in multiple projects and partnerships dealing with the telegraph. In October 1869, Edison joined with Franklin L. Pope and James Ashley to form the organization Pope, Edison and Company.

They advertised themselves as electrical engineers and constructors of electrical devices. Edison received several patents for improvements to the telegraph. The partnership merged with the Gold and Stock Telegraph Co. in 1870.

Edison also established the Newark Telegraph Works in Newark, NJ, with William Unger to manufacture stock printers. He formed the American Telegraph Works to work on developing an automatic telegraph later in the year.

In 1874, Thomas Edison began to work on a multiplex telegraphic system for Western Union, ultimately developing a quadruplex telegraph, which could send two messages simultaneously in both directions. Besides other telegraph inventions, he also developed an electric pen in 1875. His personal life during this period also brought much change.

In 1871, Edison’s mother died and later that year, he married a former employee, Mary Stilwell, on Christmas Day. Edison loved his wife who supported him in his work and was a great comfort to his life which quickly produced children.   Their first child, Marion, was born in February 1873, followed by a son, Thomas, Jr., born on January 1876. Edison nicknamed the two “Dot” and “Dash,” referring to telegraphic terms.

In 1876. Edison opened a new laboratory in Menlo Park, NJ.  This lab soon became nicknamed  “The Invention Factory,” where several different projects where being developed at any given time. There Edison conducted numerous experiments to find answers to problems.

Meanwhile his marriage & family life flourished.  It said that Edison once said to his wife, “I never quit until I get what I’m after.”  Then in 1878 William Leslie was born to him & his wife in October 1878.

Thomas Edison worked long hours and expected much from his employees. It was in the Interior of Edison’s Machine Shop where many of his experiments were conducted.  After and before his third child Edison thought and obsessed about the telegraph and the telephone and worked on a telephone transmitter that greatly improved on Alexander Graham Bell’s work with the telephone.

Edisons’ transmitter made it possible for voices to be transmitted at higher volume and with greater clarity over standard telephone lines.

Edison’s experiments with the telephone and the telegraph led to his invention of the phonograph in 1877.

It occurred to Edison that sound could be recorded as indentations on a rapidly-moving piece of paper and eventually formulated a machine with a tinfoil-coated cylinder and a diaphragm and needle. When Edison spoke the words “Mary had a little lamb” into the mouthpiece, to his amazement the machine played the phrase back to him.

The Edison Speaking Phonograph Company was established early in 1878 to market the machine, but the initial novelty value of the phonograph wore off, and Edison turned his attention elsewhere.

Edison focused on the electric light system in 1878, setting aside the phonograph for almost a decade.

With the backing of financiers, The Edison Electric Light Co. was formed on November 15 to carry out experiments with electric lights.   Work continued into 1879, as the lab attempted not only to devise an incandescent bulb, but an entire electrical lighting system that could be supported in a city. A filament of carbonized thread proved to be the key to a long-lasting light bulb.

The first Lamps were put into the laboratory, and many journeyed out to his company to see the new discovery.

A special public exhibition at the lab was given for a multitude of amazed visitors on New Year’s Eve.

In 1881, he formed the Edison Ore-Milling Co., but the venture proved fruitless as there was no market for it and it is what not yet the time.

Edison then set up an electric light factory in East Newark in 1881, and then the following year moved his family and himself to New York and set up a laboratory there.

In order to prove its viability, the first commercial electric light system was installed on Pearl Street in the financial district of Lower Manhattan in 1882, bordering City Hall and two newspapers.

Initially, only four hundred lamps were lit; a year later, there were 513 customers using 10,300 lamps.

Edison formed several companies to manufacture and operate the apparatus needed for the electrical lighting system: the Edison Electric Illuminating Company of New York, the Edison Machine Works, the Edison Electric Tube Company, and the Edison Lamp Works.

This lighting system was also taken abroad to the Paris Lighting Exposition in 1881, the Crystal Palace in London in 1882, the coronation of the czar in Moscow, and led to the establishment of companies in several European countries.

The success of Edison’s lighting system could not deter his competitors from developing their own, different methods.

In 1884, Edison’s wife, Mary, died on August 9 causing Edison to enter a bout of depression and mourning for 2 years.  Edison then met Mina Miller who helped him get over his depression.  The couple soon married and Mina Miller became Edison’s second wife on February 24, 1886.

In 1887, Edison had built a new, larger laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey. The facility included a machine shop, phonograph and photograph departments, a library, and ancillary buildings for metallurgy, chemistry, wood working, and galvanometer testing.

Also In 1887, Edison returned to the Edison Ore-Milling Co. project thinking that his process could help the mostly depleted Eastern mines compete with the Western ones.

Edisons’ second marriage by this time proved fruitful yet again and together with his wife they moved into a large mansion named Glenmont in West Orange, New Jersey where Mina gave Thomas three more children the first of whom was Madeleine, born on 1888;

In 1888, Edison met Eadweard Muybridge at West Orange and viewed Muybridge’s zoopraxiscope. This machine used a circular disc with still photographs of the successive phases of movement around the circumference to recreate the illusion of movement.
The working relationship soured and Edison declined to work with Muybridge on the device and decided to work on his own motion picture camera at his laboratory.

In that same year Edison wrote, “I am experimenting upon an instrument which does for the eye what the phonograph does for the ear.”

After more than two years, patent applications were finally submitted and approved and a rudimentary motion picture camera was made & patented.

In 1889, the New Jersey and Pennsylvania Concentrating Works was formed, and Edison became absorbed by its operations and began to spend much time away from home at the mines in Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Although he invested much money and time into this project, it proved unsuccessful when the market went down and additional sources of ore in the Midwest were found.

Edison once said to his first wife, “I never quit until I get what I’m after.”  He probably also said it to his second wife and true to form his second wife delivered two more children giving birth to Charles on 1890; and Theodore on 1898.

A traditional modern woman Mina was active and a woman of society devoting time to her husband, family, community groups, social functions, and charities  .

In 1892 , The Edison General Electric Co. merged with Thomson-Houston to become the General Electric Co.,  .

In 1893, a motion picture studio, later dubbed the Black Maria (the slang name for a police paddy wagon which the studio resembled), was opened at the West Orange complex. Short films were produced using variety acts of the day.

One of Black Maria’s films is titled the Sioux Ghost Dance a movie depicting men of the Sioux Tribe in full war paint and war costumes.  According to Edison film historian C. Musser, this film and others shot on the same day featured Native American Indian dancers from Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show, and represent the American Indian’s first appearance before a motion picture camera

Filmed September 24, 1894, Edison’s Black Maria studio.

Having economics on his mind and affordability, Thomas Edison was reluctant to develop his more expensive motion picture projector, feeling that more profit was to be made with his peephole viewers, nevertheless the Vitascope premiered on April 23, 1896, to great acclaim.

Competition from other motion picture companies soon created heated legal battles between them and Edison over patents. Edison sued many companies for infringement,  won and then In 1896 that same year started the National Phonograph Co. with the intent of making phonographs for home amusement.

Over the years, Edison made improvements to the phonograph and to the cylinders which were played on them, the early ones being made of wax.

Having experienced and witnessing adobe construction, in 1899, Edison started experimenting with cement and formed the Edison Portland Cement Co. and began promoting the widespread use of cement for the construction of low-cost homes and envisioned alternative uses for concrete.

Edison was ahead of his time with his ideas.  But like all great men, the jealousy of less inspired less talented men caused much bad writing about him that attempts to diminish his greatness to criticizing and bringing down his forward thinking or outright trying to steal his ideas.  But this did not stop him and he probably had success in cement that went unheralded; how could a man like Thomas Edison not succeed having already gone to the trouble of creating the Portland Cement Co.

In 1909, the formation of the Motion Picture Patents Co. brought a degree of cooperation to the various companies who were given licenses in 1909.

In 1911, Edison’s companies were re-organized into Thomas A. Edison, Inc. As the organization became more diversified and structured, Edison became less involved in the day-to-day operations, although he still had some decision-making authority. The goals of the organization became more to maintain market viability than to produce new inventions frequently.

In 1912, Edison introduced an unbreakable cylinder record, named the Blue Amberol, at roughly the same time he entered the disc phonograph market. The introduction of an Edison disc was in reaction to the overwhelming popularity of discs on the market in contrast to cylinders.  Touted as being superior to the competition’s records, the Edison discs were designed to be played only on Edison phonographs, and were cut laterally as opposed to vertically. The success of the Edison phonograph business, though, was always hampered by poor write ups and by his competition.

In 1913, Edison experimented with synchronizing sound to film. A Kinetophone was developed by his laboratory which synchronized sound on a phonograph cylinder to the picture on a screen. Although this initially brought interest, the system was far from perfect and disappeared by 1915. By 1918, Edison ended his involvement in the motion picture field. Edison’s Later Years

In 1914, arson struck & a fire broke out at the West Orange laboratory destroying 13 buildings.  The loss was great, but Edison spearheaded the rebuilding of the lot.

When Europe became involved in World War I, Edison advised preparedness, and felt that technology would be the future of war. He was named head of the Naval Consulting Board in 1915, an attempt by the government to bring science into its defense program. Although mainly an advisory board, it was instrumental in the formation of a laboratory for the Navy.

During the first World War, Edison spent much of his time doing naval research, in particular working on submarine detection, but he felt that certain kinds of men who had influence  worked against him and were not receptive to accrediting to him many of his inventions and suggestions.

In the 1920s, conspiracy & competition from radio caused business to sour, and the Edison disc business ceased production in 1929.

In 1920s, Edison’s health became worse, and he began to spend more time at home with his wife and continued to experiment at home and at his West Orange laboratory.

One project that held his fascination during this period was the search for an alternative to rubber. Henry Ford, an admirer and friend of Edison’s, reconstructed Edison’s invention factory as a museum at Greenfield Village, Michigan, which opened during the 50th anniversary of Edison’s electric light in 1929.

The main celebration for Light’s Golden Jubilee, co-hosted by Ford and General Electric, took place in Dearborn along with a huge celebratory dinner in Edison’s honor attended by notables such as President Hoover, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., George Eastman, Marie Curie, and Orville Wright. Edison’s health, however, had declined to the point that he could not stay for the entire ceremony.

Thomas Edison died gracefully on October 18, 1931, at his estate, Glenmont, in West Orange, New Jersey.

Written by Jose Maria Chavira M.S. nom de plume JC Angelcraft Special Agent in Charge of the United States of America by the grace of God our precious tender non-gender Holy Spirit who has no name

 

  • Notes: Martin V. Melosi, Thomas A. Edison and the Modernization of America, (Glenview, Illinois: Scott, Foresman/Little, Brown Higher Education, 1990) p. 8.
  • Back to text Poster for Thomas A. Edison 150th Anniversary, 1847-1997, United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Edison National Historic Site, West Orange, New Jersey. Back to text Melosi, p. 73.
  • Back to text Matthew Josephson, Edison: A Biography, (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1959) p. 386.
  • Back to text Sources for this essay include: Conot, Robert. Thomas A. Edison: A Streak of Luck. New York: Da Capo Press, Inc., 1979. Josephson, Matthew.
  • Edison: A Biography. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1959.
  • Melosi, Martin V. Thomas A. Edison and the Modernization of America. Glenview, Illinois: Scott, Foresman/Little, Brown Higher Education, 1990.
  • Written by Jose Maria Chavira M.S. nom de plume JC Angelcraft for the Library of Congress and pubished Septemember 9 2017 –

Washington D.C. September 8th 2017 I wonder sometimes if we as humans have not faltered in our esteeming of men, especially these last years falling to traps and false news and profiles of the media over men such as Trump or Obama not ever seeing any breadth of true work deserving of a monument such as the likes of Thomas Jefferson.

The men that we do really esteem, the men whom we call our Founding Fathers is because their unswerving character in the founding of the nation that shines forth like a light bright light.
The meticulous preservation of their writings justify all the accolades and deserving of the title Mr. President,

This is one of the reasons we are going through the notes and writings of our founding fathers like Thomas Jefferson and getting into the minds of the men who once led this country during its greatest crisis, a war for its independence like no other.

Our revolutionary war and our civil war are by the far the most important wars our nation has suffered because they were fought on our own soil for the reasons that would unite a great nation that would in the future help to free our world in wars vital to human history, wars fought against the monsters of white supremacy.

As I review the letters and writings of Thomas Jefferson the man I cannot help at this point but to dig further into any reference of any importance that helps to better define the man other than Ossian’s poems of which I am now in academic pursuit of more elucidation as the current literature does little to satisfy my need for the character of Ossian apart from the writer and Irish poet who re-interpreted the writings during Jefferson’s life time.

These things are of importance for if a man is esteemed it is because of his character and the character of man or even a women is often defined by their writings, their works, their piety or devotion and their love for literature.

So when reading the works of Thomas Jefferson how can one not allude to the speculation and investigation of Ossian’s poems, literature that Thomas Jefferson – one of our founding fathers – had a deep affection for.

On Ossian’s Poems, In Day 4 of our Journey through the life and times of Thomas Jefferson he writes:

Thomas Jefferson Feb. 25, 1773 Virga Mcpherson

To Chas. McPherson, Albemarle, in Virga Feb. 25, 1773

Dear Sir,
—Encouraged by the small acquaintance which I had the pleasure of having contracted with you during your residence in this country, I take the liberty of making the present application to you.
I understood you were related to the gentleman of your name (Mr. James McPherson), to whom the world is so much indebted for the elegant collection, arrangement, and translation of Ossian’s poems.
These pieces have been and will, I think, during my life, continue to be to me the sources of daily pleasures.

The tender and the sublime emotions of the mind were never before so wrought up by the human hand.

I am not ashamed to own that I think this rude bard of the north (Ossian) the greatest poet that has ever existed.
Merely for the pleasure of reading his works I am become desirous of learning the language in which he sung, and of possessing his songs in their original form.

Mr. McPherson, I think, informs us he is possessed of the originals. Indeed, a gentleman has lately told me he had seen them in print; but I am afraid he has mistaken a specimen from Temora, annexed to some of the editions of the translation, for the whole works. If they are printed, it will abridge my request and your trouble, to the sending me a printed copy; but if there be more such my petition is, that you would be so good as to use your interest with Mr. McPherson to obtain leave to take a manuscript copy of them, and procure it to be done.

I would choose it in a fair, round hand, on fine paper, with a good margin, bound in parchments as elegantly as possible, lettered on the back, and marbled or gilt on the edges of the leaves.
I would not regard expense in doing this. I would further beg the favor of you to give me a catalogue of the books written in that language, and to send me such of them as may be necessary for learning it.

These will, of course, include a grammar and dictionary. The cost of these, as well as the copy of Ossian, will be (for me), on demand, answered by Mr. Alexander McCaul, sometime of Virginia, merchant, but now of Glasgow, or by your friend Mr. Ninian Minzees, of Richmond, in Virginia, to whose care the books may be sent.

You can, perhaps, tell me whether we may ever hope to see any more of those Celtic (language) pieces published. Manuscript copies of any which are in print, it would at any time give me the greatest happiness to receive.

The glow of one warm thought is to me worth more than money.
I hear with pleasure from your friend that your path through life is likely to be smoothed by success.

I wish the business and the pleasures of your situation would admit leisure now and then to scribble a line to one who wishes you every felicity, and would willingly merit the appellation of, dear sir, Your friend and humble servant. – Thomas Jefferson

If not for the Piety of Thomas Jefferson and his reverence for God one might conclude him to be a pagan based on his love of Celtic and Gaelic myths and legends. But he was quite much more a man than his love for Ossian might define him.

Jefferson was a man who with George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and the Other signers of the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution stood head and shoulders over other men that citizens would call a president and try to put in the same category or class as our Founding Fathers.

So as you read the history of your real founding Fathers consider what kind of men it took to do the impossible and help a nation still forming to break away from the worlds greatest military power of its day.

To establish a Nation a sovereignty under God amidst impossible circumstances,  it took real men of God and real men of faith who believed that men ought not to leave their fates in the hands of men they cannot see; or put their lives in the hands of a government government or legislative body and taxation they can no longer control.

With this I leave you to the reading of Ossian’s Poems. I thought you might be curious.

Ossians Poems Translated from the ancient Gaelic by James Macphereson FREE PDF LITERACY Official Government of the United States of America

Son Altesse Royale Jose Maria Chavira M.S. Adagio 1st Dominus dominorum est et rex regum et reginarum nom de Plume JC Angelcraft author of the Nine Needs all Humans Have & Special Agent in Charge of the United States of America under Emergency Powers.

September 9, 2017 Washington D.C. The Library of Congress is the largest library in the world, with millions of books, recordings, photographs, newspapers, maps and manuscripts in its collections.
The Library is the main research arm of the U.S. Congress and the home of the U.S. Copyright Office.

The Library preserves and provides access to a rich, diverse and enduring source of knowledge to inform, inspire and engage you in your intellectual and creative endeavors.
Whether you are new to the Library of Congress or an experienced researcher, we have a world-class staff ready to assist you online and in person.

I encourage you to visit the Library of Congress in person in Washington, D.C., explore the Library online from wherever you are and connect with us on social media.

Sincerely, Carla Hayden Librarian of Congress https://www.loc.gov/

“…in the event of a national catastrophe through which citizens must depend on the providence of God whom established the foundations of this world, it shall be determined by manifest destiny and confirmed in the citizenry who is best fit to lead the nation and the world from its crises and whom shall supervise the restructuring of world governments and will oversee world governments as led by Providence and confirmed by miracles signs and wonders.… ”

U.S. Department of Justice
950 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20530-0001

The Department may be contacted by phone at the following:
Department Comment Line: 202-353-1555

Department of Justice Main Switchboard: 202-514-2000
TTY/ASCII/TDD: 800-877-8339

Inquiries from news organizations and other media may be directed and handled in person through the same address.

 

In partnership with the Holy Spirit. When things get tough believers and good citizens take priority "Observe good faith and justice toward all nations. Cultivate peace and harmony with all." George Washington 1600 Pennsylvania Ave NW, Washington, DC 20500, Every State Matters